UCSB > History Dept. > Prof. Marcuse > Courses > Hist 133a > Lecture 4: Napoleon & German States

UCSB Hist 133A, Fall 2006 (133a homepage)
19th Century Germany, Oct. 9, 2006

Prof. Marcuse (homepage)

Lecture 4:
Napoleon and the German States
(previous lecture, next lecture)
pdf of L4 for printing

Guiding Question(s)

  • Did the French Revolution modernize "Germany," or halt a period of progress?
    To what extent did the Napoleonic Phase of the French Revolution modernize which German states?

Napoleon Bonaparte (1769-1821)

  • "Child" vs. "Gravedigger" of the Revolution
  • 1795 "Whiff of Grapeshot;" Director; 1799-1804 First Consul; 1804-14 & Mar-June 1815 Emperor
  • 1792, Sept: Cannonade of Valmy--HRE's general Duke of Brunswick retreats. Goethe: "Here and now a new epoch of world history is starting. You can say you were there."

Underlying Changes, 1750-1850EIEIO model; model of causality in history

  • feedback on Q1
  • Types/categories of underlying causal factors:
    Economic (mode of production; resources)
    International (intervention)
    Elites and LEaders (individual & small group decisions by power holders)
    Ideology & Information (what people believe will happen)
    peOple (especially when they Oppose the status quo)
    All of these things interact within constraints set by institutions, traditions -> "culture"

Names to watch out for (in readings for this week):

  • Hardenberg
    vom Stein
    W. v. Humboldt

The German States and the French Revolution (see textbook chap. 1!-prepare for Wed.)

  • Austria
  • Prussia
  • Bavaria
  • Saxony
  • Württemberg, Baden
  • Westphalia, Berg

Question 2

  • Read Schulze, S2-4 (pp. 109-119)
  • Relate the EIEO concepts to the factors that could bring about change mentioned in those sources.

prepared for web by H. Marcuse on Oct. 9, 2006, updated: 11/17/06
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