4C/Marcuse, L7 overlay
PEOPLE AND IDEAS: ISMS 1
Music: Beethoven, 3rd symphony "Eroica"
How do events, people and ideas
- French Revolution as "hothouse"
- Liberalism, Conservatism
- battle of pamphlets, 1790-1792 [overlay]
- Enlightenment, Classicism, Romanticism
- Patriotism, Nationalism
- Aftermath of French Revolution
- Napoleon: "child"
vs. "gravedigger" (vs. savior) of the revolution
- Congress of Vienna
- What makes a good "ID"?
- Simon de Bolivar (text p. 742)
"C+/B-": SB was a member
of the creole elite (a person of European descent born in Spanish
America) in what is now Venezula around 1800. Born at the time
of the French Revolution, he was well versed in Enlightenment
ideas and admired George Washington as a leader who had realized
and was practicing enlightened ideas about government. From 1811
to 1824 Bolivar was able to coordinate efforts with other Creole
commanders and end Spanish rule throughout south America. His
attempt to form a confederation of south American states (similar
to the United States) did not succeed, however.
"B+/A": Bolivar is significant because he illustrates
(as does Napoleon) how a military leader can work to realize some
enlightenment ideas (such as political independence from a parent
country), while limiting others (such as enfranchising the poor
and liberating slaves). Creole elites in independent Latin America
retained their wealth and power, as did the Catholic church.
OR: Bolivar is important because he was able to organize and lead
a modern mass movement against an "old regime" colonial
OR: Bolivar's story is important because it shows how crucial
members of elite groups were in realizing Enlightenment ideals.
(OR: how important leadership can be in shaping the course of
- First midterm handout (Good
PS. Please DOUBLE SPACE your answers