UCSB Hist 4C, Spring 2000 Prof. Marcuse
Western Civilization, 1715-presentApr. 25, 2000


The exam is worth 10% of your final grade (100 points as noted below).
It is a take-home exam administered on an honors system. You are required to observe the following regulations:

  1. You have one hour for writing the first draft of the exam. The exam must be typed. If you do not compose your answers on a word processor, you may type them in after that hour. However, after that first hour you may only make changes in organization, grammar, style and spelling/punctuation, not content.
  2. The exam is "open book" (textbook, readings, lecture notes), and you may use the resources available through the course web site(s). Note that all research time must be included in the one hour total you have for writing the exam. Note also that you may not consult with other students about the answers to the questions.

I. Identify and define the significance (10 minutes. total, 2 @ 10 points each)

Select two of the following terms, identify it (including an approximate date), and situate it correctly in relation to other important events. Then take special care to EXPLAIN WHY THE TERM IS SIGNIFICANT in the context of the history of modern Western Civilization.

Gustavus Vassa (the name) Congress of Vienna
Factory SystemCandide or Optimism (the book)

II. Source Interpretation. (10 mins., 20 points)

In 1791 Olympe de Gouges modified the August 1789 declaration of rights by the French national assembly to read as follows:

"First article. Woman is born free and lives equal to man in her rights. Social distinctions can be based only on the common utility. …
6. Law is the expression of the general will. All female and male citizens must contribute either personally or through their representatives in the making of law. The law must be the same for all: male and female citizens, being equal in the eyes of the law, must be equally admitted to all honors, offices, and occupations according to their abilities and without distinction other than that of their virtues and talents."

Compare these two articles to the original version on textbook p. 735, then interpret the main points made in this quotation in the context of the intellectual, international, economic, and political context of the time it was written. (Consider: How did Equiano experience this, and what would he have thought of it?)

III. Essay question: Answer the following question. (40 minutes, 60 points)
Note: in grading these essays, we will be looking for the following:
a. a thesis statement
b. arguments supporting that thesis
c. use of specific cases or examples in the argument to support the thesis
d. whether counterarguments and counterevidence are addressed.

IV. Please print and sign the following statement: "I have observed the honor code stated on the exam."