UCSB > History Dept. > Prof. Marcuse > Courses > Hist 133a > Lecture 10: 1848 Revolutions

UCSB Hist 133A, Fall 2006 (133a homepage)
19th Century Germany, Oct. 23, 2006

Prof. Marcuse (homepage)

Lecture 10:
The 1848 Revolutions
(previous lecture, next lecture)


  • Amazon & orders for Heinrich Mann book--any changes?--I need to place the order.

Guiding Questions

  • What caused the 1848 revolutions? -- Did they succeed or fail? (What were the goals?)


  • 1844: 3000 weavers revolt in Silesia
  • 1846: reformist Pope Pius IX
    1847, Oct: Swiss Catholic Sonderbund (1845) defeated by Confederate militias (1831 reforms)
  • 1847, Feb: United Committee convened in Berlin; Sept: Constitutional demands in Baden
  • 1848, Feb. 22-24: street fighting in Paris (why?), King Louis Philippe abdicates
  • Feb. 27: Mannheim mass meeting adopts Baden demands; March 1: Grand Duke implements
  • March 13: revolution in Vienna (Metternich flees)
    March 18: revolution in Berlin; March 19: King FW IV honors fallen
    March 20: King Ludwig I of Bavaria abdicates
  • March 31-April 3: pre-parliament in Frankfurt--liberals vs. radicals
  • April 12-20: first (radical) republican uprising in Baden, led by Hecker and Struve
    April-August: (first) German-Danish war
  • May 15: second uprising in Vienna (pan-Austrian Reichstag created)
    May 18: parliament convenes in Fkft, elects von Gagern (1799-1880) president [Kitchen 79]
  • June 16: uprising in Prague; Bonaparte's nephew Prince Louis Napoleon elected president
  • Sept. 18: radicals storm St. Paul's Church
    Sept. 21-25: second radical uprising in Baden
  • Oct. 6-31: 3rd uprising in Vienna
  • Nov. 9: Robert Blum executed
  • Dec. 5: constitution "from above" in Prussia

Core ideas: radical - liberal - national?

  • "Principles and Decisions of October 18" [1817]; Riemann (1793-1872) & Karl Müller (1797-1840), both Veterans of Lützow Corps
  • national, economic and religious unity
  • uniform legal system
  • constitutional hereditary monarchy
  • freedom of speech and of the press, equality before the law,
  • public trials by jury,
  • national military service
  • some text passages used verbatim in the 1849 Frankfurt constitution, and
    from there into both the 1919 Weimar constitution and the 1949 Basic Law

Question 4, due Wednesday, 10/25/06

  • Drawing on Schulze S10 (pp. 131ff--excerpts from the St. Paul's Church parliamentary debates, July 1848-March 1849), give 3 reasons why Austria should be a part of the new German federation, and 3 reasons why it should not. Do this in 6 sentences (can be bullets)!

prepared for web by H. Marcuse on Oct. 25, 2006, updated: 10/x/06
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