UC Santa Barbara > History Department > Prof. Marcuse > Courses > Hist 133a Homepage
Hambach protest, May 1832 May 1832: March of 30,000 democrats at Hambach castle
19th Century Germany:
Nation-Building from Below and Above
(UCSB Hist 133a)

by Professor Harold Marcuse
Course Gauchspace site (2018):

page begun Sept. 28, 2006; last update: Sept. 25, 2018

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Old Announcements
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Course materials:
Fall 2006 syllabus
Lecture handouts
Book essay handout,
Web option handout
Course overview

grading policies
Links (suggestions welcome):
Useful/interesting sites;
Courses about 19th c. Germany;
Suggestions for book essays;
Index page of student essays
My other courses:
Hist 133b: Germany 1900-1945
Hist 133c: Germany 1945-pres.
Hist 33d: Holocaust (lower div.)
Hist 133p
:Research proseminar
Black, white, red divider bar

Announcements (old announcements move to bottom, where there are also visitor statistics)

  • Sept. 26, 2018: Hist 133A will not meet on Thu. Sept. 27 (the professor will be out of town). However, you should purchase or order the books (see next entry, below).

  • August 2018: I've chosen the books for the Fall 2018 offering (Tue & Thu 2-3:15pm in Building 387 room 1015 (between the library and the Multi-Cultural Center, near Psych):
    • Textbook: William Hagen, Germany in Modern Times: Four Lives of the Nation (Cambridge UP, 2012)($10-$30 at amazon)
    • Hagen Schulze, The Course of German Nationalism: From Frederick the Great to Bismarck 1763-1867 (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1991). ($6-$23 at amazon--don't pay full price for this, used is fine)
    • Joseph Roth, The Radetzky March (Woodstock, NY: Overlook, 2002). ($8-$15 at amazon--any edition is fine)
  • June 2016: adding Fall 2015 syllabus, source assignment; final exam handout
  • May 28, 2015: The 2015 course will meet TR 2:00-3:15 in ARTS 1349.
    The books for the Fall 2015 offering of this course are:
    • Hagen Schulze, The Course of German Nationalism: From Frederick the Great to Bismarck 1763-1867 (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1991). ($7-$20 at amazon--don't pay full price for this, used is fine)
    • Joseph Roth, The Radetzky March (Woodstock, NY: Overlook, 2002). ($7-$10 at amazon--any edition is fine)
  • Dec. 20, 2006:
    • Here is the distribution of grades for the Fall 2006 course according to the final point distribution (before you contact me, read my note on grading, below):
                   # students 85-86pts=B+    6 75 pts    =C+  1 62pts=D    1  
    90-94pts=A    7 79-82pts=B      7 69pts     =C    1            F    2  
    87-88pts=A-  5 77     pts= B-    3 67pts     =C-   1 incomplete: 1 total:  35
    • Analysis: I gave everyone 3 points for the Q10 I never gave; 10 students received 1-4 participation points. The mean total point score was 80. The web option average was 91%, while the final exam average (after dropping 3 outlyers from students who blew off the essay question) was 85%. That might be expected, since only the better papers qualified for the web option.
    • I have converted and uploaded all 18 papers from the web option. If you haven't done so already, please check your paper (link from the Book Essay page) for errors and broken links. Let me know if it needs corrections.
    • Any leftover work will be available for pick-up next quarter.
      My office hours in winter will be W & Th, 1-2pm

The 2006 readings for this course will be:

Kitchen textbook, cover Schulze, Course of Nationalism, cover Man of Straw, cover
Martin Kitchen, History of
Modern Germany, 1800-2000

(Blackwell, 2006).
UCSB: DD203.K58 2006
amazon $40 new
Hagen Schulze, The Course of
German Nationalism, 1763-1867
, (Cambridge, 1991)
UCSB: DD204.S3413 1990
amazon $11 used, $29 new
Heinrich Mann, Man of Straw
[Der Untertan, 1918]
(Penguin edition or others)
UCSB: PT2625.A43 U513
amazon $5-15 used (or photocopy $13); Handout

Course Overview (back to top)

  • This lecture course examines central aspects of German history from the 1790s to the eve of World War I, including:
    • the impact of the French Revolution and Napoleon on the German states;
    • popular movements in early 19th century German lands;
    • the "pre-March" period (early industrialization) and the revolution of 1848;
    • the processes of unification and industrialization;
    • popular movements, including workers, women and national associations;;
    • the nature of the Bismarckian state, including foreign policy;
    • William II's "personal regime" after the fall of Bismarck;
    • social transformations at the end of the century;
    • the events that led up to the Great War (World War I).

Lecture Handouts (back to top)
  • L0: 2006 syllabus
  • L1: The Holy Roman Empire
  • L2: Frederick the Great
  • L3: German States & French Revolution
  • L4: Napoleon & German States
  • L5: Prussian Reforms
  • L6: German Romanticism; Book Essay handout
                 [details on film clip]
  • L7: Congress of Vienna
  • L8: 1820s Restoration
  • L9: Pre-March
  • L10: 1848 Revolutions
  • L11: Frankfurt Parliament
  • L12: Post-1848 Reaction
  • L13: "New Era"
  • L14: Origins of Social Democracy
  • L15: Bismarck
  • L16: National Monuments
  • [2006 Hist 133C midterm survey; results]
  • L17: Political Catholicism
  • L18: Women
  • L19: Wilhelm II.
  • L20: Colonies
  • Hist 133A Web option handout
  • L21: Wilhelmine Culture/Man of Straw
  • L22: Man of Straw discussion, video; handout
  • L23: Laurence Christian: "Heimat"
  • L24: Joe Campo: Foreign Policy: Bismarck
  • L25: Joe Campo: Foreign Policy 1890-WWI
  • L26: course evaluations, Q9
  • L27: Student Presentations (6)
  • L28: 2 presentations & concluding lecture
  • 133A Final exam

  • Some useful sites and interesting links (back to top)

    Materials from Prof. Marcuse's previous Hist 133a courses (back to top)

    Grading policies (back to top)

    Grades can serve many purposes. Among them are: motivating students to engage with the material (by providing feedback and rewarding effort), assessing how well students have done the assigned work, and ranking students relative to each other.
    I personally dislike assigning grades. I'm interested in what you have to say, and want you to put in the effort to develop interesting thoughts and express them well. I hope you will be motivated to learn enough factual material to have a solid basis from which you can develop your thoughts. If you need the prospect of a better grade to do the learning and thinking, fine. For various reasons, I have to grade to assess your work anyway (if I write letters of recommendation, for instance, I need some data on relative strengths and weaknesses, and effort expended). The grade distributions I give my courses are also monitored by the department and the University. (see grade distributions for some of my other lecture courses: 33d-02, 33d-03)
    My bottom line: I want the grades I give to be a FAIR reflection of the effort (attendance, doing assignments, meeting deadlines) and learning (content of submitted work) you show, and to give a rough indication of where you stand on those factors relative to others in the class.

    • Mar. 23, 2004: Here is the distribution of grades for my 2004 Hist 133c course according to the raw point score without the participation grade (95 possible points [well 101, if you count the double extra credit for the outside events]):
                     # students 86-85pts=B+     2 75-71pts=C+   4 D   0  
      94-90pts=A    5 84-80pts=B      10 70-62pts=C     2 D-  0 grad. student: 1
      89-87pts=A-   5 79-76pts=B-      4           pts=C-   0 F    0 total:   33
    • Mar. 29, 2006: Here is the distribution of grades for my spring 2006 Hist 133c course according to the raw point scores (see note on grading, below):
                        # students 87-89pts=B+   6 77-78pts=C+   2 62-67pts=D   2  
      93-100pts=A    6 83-86pts=B     2 71-76pts=C     3                 F    1  
      90-91pts=A-    2 79-82pts=B-    5 68-70pts=C-   1 incomplete:     1 total:  31
    • Interested in grade inflation since the 1970s, all across the USA?
      Check out this website: www.gradeinflation.com. On the second-to-last graph, the one with the scattered points, you'll find UCSB below the blue line at the 10-year time span. The researcher got data from UCSB's Office of Budget and Planning showing that our campus GPA went from 2.84 in 1994 to 2.93 in 1999.

    If you are think your grade does not reflect your work and effort:

    • First, please note that I grade YOUR WORK, not you.
    • If you feel that the grade you received on your paper or exam does not correspond to the quality of work that you submitted, or the effort you put into it, you have two options:
      1. Print out, complete, and submit the following Grade Change Application Form ;-),
      2. Write a page (or paragraph, whatever it takes) explaining WHY you think your work is better than the grade assigned to it. Please refer to the appropriate assignment sheet (for book essays and web projects), and make sure you did the assignment.
        • Then resubmit the work in question with your explanation, and I will regrade it and get back to you.
        • Be sure to put some contact address on your explanation sheet, so that I can be in touch with you.
        • Note that I reserve the right to lower your grade, if I feel that is warranted by closer examination.

    Picking up your work

    I keep all student work for at least one quarter after the course is over. If you would like to pick up your work, please come to my office. During my office hours is usually best for me, but if you would like your work left in an envelope in the envelope outside my door, or to arrange a different pick-up time, send me an e-mail or leave a note.

    Old Announcements (back to top)

    • 8/28/06: Fall 2006 events of interest at UCSB:
      • Two films by German director Werner Herzog: Aguirre, The Wrath of God & Grizzly Man; Monday, October 2 / 7:30 pm (Aguirre) & 9:30 pm (Grizzly) / Campbell Hall
        Director Werner Herzog established a central role in the New German Cinema movement of the 1970s with the mesmerizing epic tale Aguirre, The Wrath of God, starring Klaus Kinski. The sparkling new 35 millimeter print chronicles the imperialist exploits of Spanish conquistadors who become infected by greed in the jungles of Peru. The recently released Grizzly Man, a bizarre video journal of Timothy Treadwell’s summers communing with the grizzlies in Alaska, once again illustrates Herzog’s talent for portraying the uniquely disconcerting qualities of the obsessed. (1973, 94 min. / 2005, 103 min.)
        Separate admission, each film: General public $6 / UCSB students $5
    • 9/28/06: I've closed the class and started a waiting list (4 names as of 2pm today). Usually some spaces open up during the first week or so. (Two are available today.) I'll make an announcement about this during the first class this Friday, 9/29. e-mail me to have your name added to the list, or add it yourself during lecture.
      • My Fall 2006 office hours will be M & Tue, noon-1pm. (on 10/2 only until 12:30)
    • 9/29/06, Friday 9:30: Fall 2006 syllabus is available; 5 names on the waiting list.
    • 10/1/06: My office hour on Monday, 10/2 will end at 12:30pm (instead of 1pm).Man of Straw, cover
      • The book Man of Straw can only be purchased used, or as a photocopy (costing ca. $12-14 and available in early November). Used copies can be found at amazon.com: 1984 edition, 1993 ed., and abebooks.com. (PS. order only from US sellers, and it's not worth going over $10 price, with ca. $3.50 shipping being added on--the photocopy will be cheaper.) At some point I'll circulate a list asking who wants to buy the photocopy. [$11.95]
    • 10/5/06: handouts for Lecture 1 and Lecture 2 now available online.
      • My office hour on Monday, 10/9 will be 1-2pm (instead of noon-1pm).
      • On either 10/10 or 10/17 I will have to cancel my Tuesday office hour. (Thursday instead)
    • 10/9/06: handouts for Lecture 3 and Lecture 4 now available online.
      • Note that Q2 is due on Wed. at 11am -- if you weren't in class, see L4 handout for details. You may not understand the EIEIO model too well (see handout!), but try your best.
      • My Tuesday office hour this week (10/10) is cancelled. I'll be available Thu. 12-1 instead.
    • 10/10/09, 9am: From a student e-mail: "I read through the sources a few times today and was struggling to link  in more than a couple of the EIEIO concepts without making rather
      tenuous links. I was just wondering if there were any pointers you could offer or whether the fact that all the EIEIO concepts tie into one another means that whilst not all may be mentioned specifically, they all had some impact."
      • My response: "You're right, NOT all of the terms are relevant to the same extent. One in particular is stressed by the first 2 authors. The other factors to varying degrees. I'll try to post a "hint" on the website by tonight."
        To expand on that answer without giving everything away: First, writing more than the 2/3 page will not get you more points. If you didn't get a 3 on Q1, it was probably because you didn't include any substantive information from Riesbeck's "letter" (S1). For Q2, the first sentence of S2 mentions TWO things. S4 focuses on another factor altogether, with a fourth figuring less explicitly. A fifth causal factor does not appear in any of the 3 sources. Even the author of a source--the existence of the source itself--can be taken as a factor. So: be sure to address ALL THREE sources, even if you only have 3 or 4 causal factors
    • 10/14/06: Book essay handout (2 pages), and handouts for L5: Prussian Reforms and L6: Romanticism uploaded. Sorry I ran out of the blue Book Essay handouts. I made a dozen more to distribute on Monday.
    • 10/18/06: Handouts for L7: Congress of Vienna and L8: 1820 Restoration added. Note that L8 ends with Q3, due Friday at 11 (as is the book proposal).
    • 10/25/06: Handouts for L9: Pre-March, L10: 1848 Revolutions and L11: Frankfurt Parliament added. L10 included Question 4.
      • The photocopy of Man of Straw is now available for purchase in the UCSB bookstore (on the shelves downstairs where the course books were). Cost: $11.95+tax.
    • 10/30/06: Handouts for L12: Post-1848 Reaction and L13: Wilhelm I's New Era added.
    • 11/1/06: Handout for L14: Origins of Social Democracy uploaded. Note that it includes Q5, due Friday at 11am.
      • Clarification for book essay assignment: In point 5 of the blue book essay handout I write about a 1-2 page "summary description," which "is not the whole book essay." Point 7 specifies the total length: at least 1800 words, 6-7 pages. A couple of students asked whether only the 1-2 page summary is due next Wednesday. NO, the entire 1800-word essay is due! There are 25 possible points for this submission of the essay. You can not make up lost points later. And only students receiving 21.5 or more points will qualify for the web option
    • 11/7/06: Handouts for L15: Bismarck and L16: Monuments added.
      • office hours today (Tuesday) are 10-11am, NOT noon-1pm. Sorry for any inconvenience.
      • note the Nov. 9, 8pm event in Campbell Hall: "White Rose and Children from a Vanished World"--I highly recommend it. (A&L Children page)Man of Straw, cover
    • 11/9/06: Handout for L17: Kulturkampf and provisional Heinrich Mann handout uploaded. Note that Q6 (on the L17 handout) is due Monday, 11/13. I will pass out hard copies of the Heinrich Mann handout then too, but if you want to start the reading this weekend, you may want to look over the on-line version first.
    • 11/15/06: Handouts for L18: Women and L19: Wilhelm II now available.
      Note that Q7 (on the L19 handout) is due Friday, 11/17.
      For Q8, due next Monday, 11/20, you need to have read Man of Straw. Q8 on handout.
    • 11/17/06: Handout for L20: Colonies available. Web option handout hopefully Saturday.
    • 11/18/06: draft of Web Option handout now available (6:30pm: final version with pdf).
    • 11/20/06: L21: Wilhelmine Culture handout available.
    • 12/3/06 (Sunday, midnight):
      • Joe Campo's 30-slide WWI powerpoint (L24-25) is now available.
      • L26 tomorrow will start with an in-class Q9, as announced before Thanksgiving.
    • 12/7/06: Final exam (distributed in class yesterday) is now available.
      The oral presentations so far were excellent!
      • I will return all submitted web option papers on Friday. Web option students can then make the necessary corrections and begin submitting the electronic versions per e-mail. If I noted that you can add material for more credit, please tell me in the body of that e-mail message that you have done so. Only after you have reviewed the online version of your paper and checked it (links etc.) is the process finished and your grade final.
    • 12/8/06: instructions for submitting the web option and final exams:
      • Web Option:
        1. Make any corrections as marked on the final hard copy that I returned to you.
        2. You MUST REsubmit that final hard copy (all parts) with my comments AGAIN—I need to have it in hand when I prepare your essay for the web.
        3. Send me an e-mail, with ‘subject: 133a essay files AUTHOR’ and: in the body: tell when/where you gave/will give me your hard copy, and note what is attached; possibly also links to sources of images.
        4. Attach IN ONE DOCUMENT: your author, abstract, essay and annotated bibliography/linkography. Attach as separate files: any images you want included.
          • Label your essay file: BookauthorsnameYourname06z.doc, e.g. KitchenMarcuse06z.doc (ONLY .doc and .rtf, NOT .wps)
          • Label your images: BookauthorsnameDescription.jpg (.png .gif), e.g. Kitchen1871Map.jpg, KitchenCover.jpg, KitchenBismarck.jpg
        5. You will receive a confirmation e-mail from me with the link to your essay. Check it for accuracy and reply with any corrections. Only then will I give you credit for the final exam.
      • Final Exam (on-line version)
        1. *Open books/notes/research
          *no time limit (guideline time 3-4 hours, possibly plus typing),
          *BUT: points off if an accurate word count is not inserted after each answer (count can be less than guideline, but not more)
        2. You must submit a hard copy; You may submit it early (and pick up your paper), HSSB 4221:
          • Mon-Thu. 11:30-1:30pm
          • Fri noon-3pm (regular exam time)
          • Other times: Let me know and I’ll leave your paper outside my office door
          • DO NOT leave your exam in the envelope, rather UNDER THE DOOR
        3. I announced in class today that in the essay question, you may substitute the relationship/interactions between Diederich & the Kaiser for any one of the ten groups. [Note: this option is NOT on the pdf version]
    • 12/11/06: test versions of Essay Index Page and Template

    author: Harold Marcuse
    contact: marcuse@history.ucsb.edu

    visitors since Oct. 1, 2006

    This counter counts each computer only once each day, no matter how many hits come from it.

    2006 analysis:
    6/day in Oct & Nov (each student once/week); 9/day in Dec.=each student 2x/week (33 students).

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    start of 2006 class
    20 on 10/5/06=4/day
    40 on 10/9/06=5/day
    [Q2 hint posted]
    60 on 10/11/06=10/day
    80 on 10/13/06=10/day
    125 on 10/18/06=9/day
    174 on 10/25/06=7/day
    192 on 10/30/06= 4/day
    206 on 11/1/06=7/day
    244 on 11/7/06=7/day
    paper due 11/8/06
    265 on 11/9/06=10/day

    309 on 11/15/06=7/day
    343 on 11/17/06=17/day
    378 on 11/20/06=12/day
    396 on 11/25/06=4/day
    444 on 12/3/06=6/day
    476 on 12/7/06=8/day
    511 on 12/10/06=9/day
    593 on 12/20/06=8/day
    [grades posted 12/20]
    611 on 12/31/06=1.6/day
    6.64/day in 2006
    1371 on 12/31/07=2/1/day
    2.1/day in 2007
    (class not taught in 2007)

    2400 on 1/4/10=1.4/day
    2912 on 1/1/11= 1.4/day
    4456 on 5/28/15=0.96/day
    taught in Fall 2015
    4669 on 6/19/16=0.55/day
    5047 on 8/8/18=0.48/day
    5085 on 9/25/18=.77/day

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